L U B A N G
Mula sa Maikling Kasaysayan ng Occidental
ni R. A. C.
I - Panahon ng Pananakop ng mga Kastila
mamamayan ng pananampalatayang Katoliko.
Malapit din ang Isla ng Lubang sa Look ng Maynila kaya ang anumang
paglalaban ng mga barkong pandigma sa look ay nakararating sa karagatang
nakapaligid sa Lubang. Isa sa mga ito ay ang Battle of Manila Bay na naganap noong 1600. Sa nasabing paglalaban , tinalo ng mga barkong pandigma ng mga Kastila ang mga barkong pandigma ng mga Olandes na gusting sumakop sa ating bansa. Sa ulat ng isang misyonero, nabanggit nitong ang barkong Almirante ni Oliver Van Noordt ay nabihag ng mga kastila at dinala sa Lubang upang ayusin.
dumalaw sa Lubang, ay isa sa kanilang naging biktima.
kalapit isla nang ang sasakyang dagat na kinalululanan nito ay nasabat ng labintatlong vintang puno ng mga datu at mandirigmang mula sa Jolo sa karagatang malapit sa Isla ng Lubang. Hindi magawang makatakas ng misyonero dahilan sa siya ay maysakit. Pagkatapos mabihag, walang awa siyang pinatay ng mga Muslim. Naganap ang malungkot na pangyayaring iyon noong 1658.
nagkasalang opisyal ng gobyerno. Isang halimbawa nito ay ang pagtatapon sa isla noong 1668 kay Fiscal Diego de Corbera at sa asawa nitong si Doña Maria Jimenez. Pagkaraan ng ilang buwan, ang nasabing opisyal ay namatay.
Lubang. Ito ay si Justo de Tierrra Alta na nadestino sa isla noong 1795. Mabagsik ang naturang opisyal kaya ganon na lamang ang pasasalamat ng mamamayan nang ito ay inilipat ng pamahalaan sa ibang lugar.
Kabayanan ng Lubang. Ang naging lider ng mga Katipunero sa lugar na ito ay si
G. Esteban Quijano.
munisipyo. Nanatili sa Tilik ang luklukan ng pamahalaang bayan ng Lubang at ang Agkawayan naman ang naging sentro ng bayan ng Looc.
napinsala ang mga pananim at maraming bahay at gusali ang nasira, kasama na ang simbahang ipinatayo ni Padre Muriel, limampu’t tatlong taon na ang nakalipas.
pamamahala sa Isla ng
kongregasyon si Fr. Enrique Demond, SVD sa Lubang. Noong 1922, nakita niyang kailangan ang isang Katolikong paaralan sa isla kaya itinatag niya ang
IV – Panahon ng Digmaan
sakay ng labintatlong bangka, isang pangkat ng mga sundalong Hapones na
pinamumunuan ni Capt. Ichi ang lumunsad sa Tilik. Naglagay sila ng garrison sa baryong ito. Ang kalalakihan ng lugar ay inobliga nilang mamutol ng malaking punongkahoy sa kagubatan ng isla.
at pag-alaala sa kalagayan ng mamamayan, siya ay namatay noong 1942. Inilibing ang misyonero sa libingang malapit sa poblasyon, at pagkatapos ng giyera ang kanyang labi ay hinukay at dinala sa Alemanya.
Bunsod ng hangaring maging malaya ang kanilang bayan, isang pangkat ng mga gerilya ang itinatag nina Major Alberto Abeleda at Captain Carlos Valbuena sa Lubang. Gayunman, nanatiling lihim ang kilusan dahilan sa walang sapat na armas ang mga miyembro nito na maaring itapat sa sandata ng mga kaaway. Hinintay na lamang ng pangkat ang pagbabalik ng mapagpalayang puwersa ng mga Amerikano.
mamamayan ng isla, isang ospital ang ipinatayo ng pamahalaan sa Lubang noong 1969. Malaki ang naitulong ng pagamutan sa mahihirap na maysakit, lalong-lalo na sa mga pasyenteng kailangang lapatan ng dagliang lunas.
Isang sasakyang dagat na puno ng Vietnamese refugees ang napadpad sa
dalampasigan ng Baryo Tangal noong 1970. Ilang lingo ring inalagaan ng pamahalaang bayan ang mga ito bago ipinadala sa refugee processing center sa lalawigan ng
Tumulong ang Simbahang Katoliko sa paglutas sa problema ng inuming tubig sa Cabra, isang maliit na islang sakop ng Lubang. Noong 1972, sa tulong ng kanyang mga kaibigan sa ibang bansa, isang windmill na ginagamit sa pagkuha ng tubig mula sa malalim na balon ang ipinatayo ni Fr. Bernhard Kasselmann, SVD sa Cabra. Dalawang malalim na balon naman ang pinahukay sa islang ito ni Fr. Lois Ortner, SVD nang siya ay itinalagang kura-paroko ng Lubang noong 1992.
naipagawa ni Mayor Sanchez ang municipal grandstand at multipurpose social hall at sinimulan ang pagpapakongkreto ng kalsada sa kabayanan.
V – Panahon ng Batas Militar
VI – Pagkatapos ng Mapayapang Himagsikan sa Edsa
tungkuling ama ng bayan kay G. Policarpio Tesorio. Inaasahang sa pamamagitan ng pagsisikap ni Mayor Tesorio at ng mga uugit pa ng pamahalaang bayan sa hinaharap, ang tahimik na bayang ito ng Occidental Mindoro, na sa taong 2000 ang populasyon ay tinatayang aabot sa tatlumpung libo (30,000), ay lalo pang uunlad.
Mga Aklat, Babasahin at Taong Pinagkunan ng Impormasyon
1 The History of Lubang, Rosalinda Zubiri: 1991, p. 1
2 STAA Souvenir Program: 1970, p. 163
3 Philippine History, Gregorio Zaide: 1961, p. 100
4 op cit. p. 164
5 The Travels of Navarrete, J.
Vol. 5 (1977), p. 259
7 Ang Kasaysayan ng Looc, Teresita Pacheco: 1990, p. 4
8 A Brief History of Tilik, Bernardita Tanglao: 1950, p. 3
9 op cit p. 164
Florante Villarica: 1997, p. 33
11 Mindoro, A Social History of a Philippine
Volker Schult: 1991, p. 51
12 op. cit. p. 4
13 op. cit. p. 4
14 Ang Kasaysayan ng Looc, Teresita Pacheco: 1990, p. 4
15 Golden Jubilee Souvenir Book of the Apostolic Vicariate of Calapan: 1986, p. 12
16 op. cit. p. 10
17 op. cit. p. 5
18 Panayam kay G. Romeo Puli, February 5, 1998
19 Panayam kay G. Ramon Guimba, February 6, 1998
20 op. cit. p. 6
21 op. cit. p. 7
22 Ang Kasaysayan ng Brgy. Burol, Teresita Bautista: 1990, p. 3
23 op. cit. p. 8
24 Panayam kay Brgy. Capt. Eduardo Tarras, February 4, 1998
25 Sentimental Journey of Lt. Hiroo Onoda, Governor’s Office: 1996, p. 28
26 Panayam kay Brgy. Capt. Faustino Tamares, February 2, 1998
27 Panayam kay G. Ramon Guimba, February 6, 1998
28 op. cit. p. 29
On January 1922, the Society of the Divine Word (SVD) missionaries had taken over the parish of Lubang, Occidental Mindoro.
A year earlier, they requested the Missionary Sisters Servants of the Holy Spirit (S.Sp.S) to start an elementary school in the parish in order to promote the religious and educational training of the youth.
On June 19, 1923, three Holy Spirit Sisters with the Parish Priest as School Director opened the school. The wooden Spanish convent that stood at the seashore beside the Roman Catholic Church was converted into a school building. This school was dedicated to the Blessed Mother under the title: Stella Maris (Star of the Sea) because of its location. The school was under the ownership of the Vicariate of Calapan and later of the created Vicariate of San Jose, Occidental Mindoro.
They started with 330 elementary pupils from Grade I – IV without any fees collected from the students.
The starting years of the S.Sp.S and the SVD in Lubang were tremendous. It was not only once that the roof of their convent was taken off due to strong typhoons. They even experienced sleeping under the umbrella. However, they were determined to go on for the Christian Catholic education of the youth of the island. They also responded to the health of the community. A clinic provided for had helped the community for so many years.
The High School level was started on July 8, 1937, to mark it as the First Secondary Catholic Private School in the island of Lubang, providing many students with preparation to pursue higher studies.
From 1940 – 1944, Stella Maris School was temporarily closed due to the World War II. It was reopened in 1945 to mark the ever first graduation in High School in 1949.
In 1965, the old Spanish convent that had served as the school building for more than forty years was replaced by a modern concrete structure which was blessed in 1966.
The two – storey building of SMS as constructed was under the supervision of Rev. Fr. Bernardo Pues, SVD who was the Parish Priest of Lubang and the SMS Director then.
The very low enrolment in the elementary level prompted its closure in 1971. The school concentrated merely in the high school level.
It was in 1976 when Rev. Fr. Bernard Kasselman, SVD started to plant talisay and coconut trees along SMS compound, putting mud soil in all the ground areas of the campus, concreting the pathways of the school and the church.
From 1988, SMS was completely administered and managed by the Missionary Sisters Servants of the Holy Spirit. On September 18,1995 an earthquake had strongly affected SMS, after, the building was condemned. It was during this event when the people of Lubang witnessed among themselves the spirit of teamwork or bayanihan. In ten days time, sixteen (16) classrooms were put up to occupy the less than 800 students then with 25 teachers and 4 Holy Spirit Sisters.
In 1996, three great events in the History of Stella Maris School were experienced by the community of Lubang: 1.) The destruction of the two – storey building of SMS, 2.) The Exit of the Holy Spirit Sisters, 3.) The decision of the Gradual Phase-Out of the SMS leading to its closure in 1999.
It was also this significant year when the full administration and management of the school was turned over to Lay Administartors.
It was on July 3, 1998 when the SMS PTA officers and members for SY 1998 – 1999 stood firmly to No Closure of SMS. With the permission of the Bishop of Occidental Mindoro then, the school continue to exist and operate accepting first year and second year students.
The continuation of SMS gave a new life to Lubangeñous as well as to the graduates of SMS, the parents and the benefactors as they continuously support the school morally and financially.
In year 2000, a new concrete school building was constructed on its original site and it was blessed on August 14, 2000 by the Bishop of Occidental Mindoro.
A congresswoman allied with President Arroyo said she will not inhibit from the impeachment hearing against President Arroyo at the resumption of the hearing this morning.
Occidental Mindoro Rep. Amelita Villarosa told the members of the committee, chaired by Rep. Matias Defensor, that she will not inhibit herself from the proceedings after Gabriela Partylist Rep. Liza Maza raised the issue.
"Mr. Chairman, dear colleagues, I will not inhibit myself. Thank you," Villarosa said.
Maza earlier said that Villarosa should inhibit herself from the hearings because she is one of the leaders of Kampi which is the party of of the President.
By ROBERT A. EVORA
CALAPAN CITY — The indigenous people of Oriental Mindoro, speaking through the local office of the National Commission on Indigenous People (NCIP), clarified reports that they were participants in a consultative assembly (CCA) held recently in Sablayan town, Occidental Mindoro.
"It (the consultation) is very misleading as far as the NCIP in Oriental Mindoro is concerned, and we have nothing to do with that FPIC (free and prior informed consent) consultation," said Reynante Luna, Oriental Mindoro NCIP provincial officer.
A statement issued by Intex Resources Philippines Inc., a mining company, said that the "Mangyans, an indigenous tribe, native to Mindoro, are now in the final stage of formalizing a memorandum of agreement that would allow a mining company to explore for nickel deposits in their ancestral lands."
"Di totoo yan (that’s not true)," Oriental Mindoro Gov. Arnan C. Panaligan said when he was informed of the MoA signing between the Mangyans and Intex executives.
"How can the Mangyans of Oriental Mindoro formalize an MoA for a free prior informed consent when they were not consulted by NCIP of the province? That consultation was held in Sablayan in Occidental Mindoro by that province’s NCIP provincial officer, and so it goes to show that our natives in Oriental Mindoro have nothing to do with that MoA the Intex people are bragging about," a local official said.
Oriental Mindoro, not Occidental Mindoro, is the impact area" of the 10,000-hectare Mindoro nickel project, operated by Intex Resources in Barangay Villa Cerveza, Victoria town, this province. "Di po namin alam ang nasabing consultation, at walang coordination sa amin (NCIP)," Luna said. "We are not questioning the process that they are undertaking, but we can’t be a part of the consultation process to protect the best interest of the indigenous people (IP) of Oriental Mindoro," Luna said.
He also said that the IPs of Oriental Mindoro were not told of that community consultative assembly held last July 12 in Occiental Mindoro.
The CCA is a process to get the FPIC as required by Republic Act No. 8371 or the Indigenous People’s Rights Act.
Mining companies are required by the law to secure FPIC before they can explore or exploit mineral resources in ancestral lands.
Earlier, Provincial Legal Officer Lorybelle M. Tanyag served a cease-and-desist order (CDO) to Engineer Narcisa Eder, Occidental Mindoro NCIP provincial officer. The CDO prevented the NCIP officer "from pursuing your consensus-building activities and any other activities in furtherance of and/or preparatory to all forms of mining operations within the territorial jurisdiction of Oriental Mindoro."
CALAPAN CITY — The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) has approved the application of a Mindanao-based mining firm to mine for gold and other precious metals in areas declared by the United Nations as "a biosphere reserve" in Oriental Mindoro, triggering an uproar from local officials and residents here.
Environment Secretary Jose L. Atienza, Jr. reportedly granted the application of Agusan Petroleum Resources Corp. for a financial or technical assistance agreement (FTAA) reportedly without any prior consultation with local officials.
Among those who have expressed opposition to the project are Gov. Arnan C. Panaligan, first district Rep. Rodolfo G. Valencia, and San Teodoro town Mayor Apollo Feraren.
In granting the FTAA to Agusan Petroleum, Atienza stated in his memorandum to President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo that "no adverse claim, protest or opposition was filed against the application," ignoring the existing 25-year mining prohibition being imposed by local government units (LGUs) in Oriental Mindoro.
"Our stand is no to Agusan mining because it is within the watershed area of Alag-Linao Kawayan, the proposed site of a hydro power project, and adjacent to the Mindoro Heritage Museum, a natural park showcasing the unique biodiversity of the island," said Mayor Feraren.
The FTAA granted to Agusan Petroleum and Minerals Corporation covers an area of 3,000 hectares proven to have rich deposits of gold, silver, copper, iron ore, and other minerals.
Agusan’s exploration and mining area covers the "highly-environmentally sensitive" towns of Puerto Galera, San Teodoro, and Baco, in Oriental Mindoro; and Abra de Ilog and Mamburao towns in Occidental Mindoro.
All five towns are known as "Mindoro’s agricultural, biodiversity, and tourism belt."
Puerto Galera was long ago declared by the United Nations as a "biosphere reserve" and recently declared by a Paris-based club as "one of the world’s most beautiful bays" along with 32 other world bays tagged as "world wonders."
Puerto Galera, San Teodoro, and Baco towns are an integral part of the DENR-protected Verde Island Passage Marine Corridor and declared recently as the "center of centers of the world’s marine biodiversity."
Because of this unique position in the world’s marine biodiversity, a memorandum of agreement was signed last month by the provincial government of Oriental Mindoro, represented by Panaligan, the League of Municipalities of Oriental Mindoro, represented by Feraren, and the Conservation International Foundation for its "protection, conservation, and sustainable management."
Congressman Valencia said that "before (the DENR) issues anything, it must get the concurrence of the LGUs concerned, have a clear understanding with them, and must respect the LGUs."
Alam nyo ba na merong artificial lake na ginawa sa Bansud Park sa mismong harap ng Munisipyo? Ibinase sa Burnham Park sa Baguio, may mga maliit na bangka na pwedeng sakyan ng mga namamasyal. Sa ngayon, iilan pa lang ang mga bangka pero ayon sa balita, magkakaron ang bawat barangay ng kani-kanilang bangka.
Patok sa mga namamasyal ang nasabing tanawin lalo na sa mga batang mag-aaral na madalas sa lugar pagkatapos ng kanilang klase. Eto ilang larawan na biglaan lang kinunan ng minsan kaming mapadaan.
The side of Mindoro that is more famous is Oriental Mindoro because of Pueto Galera. What most people do not know is that Occidental Mindoro has a lot to boast also.
In Occidental Mindoro, you can find the second largest contiguous coral reef in the world and the largest one in the Philippines. It is in Apo Reef. A protected area where you can see lots of fish, coral reefs and there are even sharks. A favorite dive spot.
A resort nearby, the Pandan Island Resort is a great place to snorkel and even to dive. But for the non-divers, you would also enjoy it. Even if it's not a fine sand beach, it's a great place to start snorkelling since even in shallow waters you can find colorful fish and reefs.
Apo Reef and Pandan Island are both situated in Sablayan, Occidental Mindoro. It is really an adventure going there. Frm Manla, you can either go by boat or by plane. Boat is either via San Jose or Abra de Ilog, and after that a landtrip. Plane is only via San Jose. The land trip is still an adventure, with the bus you're going to ride and the road you're going to pass. Really an adventure worth trying.