L U B A N G
Mula sa Maikling Kasaysayan ng Occidental
ni R. A. C.
I - Panahon ng Pananakop ng mga Kastila
mamamayan ng pananampalatayang Katoliko.
Malapit din ang Isla ng Lubang sa Look ng Maynila kaya ang anumang
paglalaban ng mga barkong pandigma sa look ay nakararating sa karagatang
nakapaligid sa Lubang. Isa sa mga ito ay ang Battle of Manila Bay na naganap noong 1600. Sa nasabing paglalaban , tinalo ng mga barkong pandigma ng mga Kastila ang mga barkong pandigma ng mga Olandes na gusting sumakop sa ating bansa. Sa ulat ng isang misyonero, nabanggit nitong ang barkong Almirante ni Oliver Van Noordt ay nabihag ng mga kastila at dinala sa Lubang upang ayusin.
dumalaw sa Lubang, ay isa sa kanilang naging biktima.
kalapit isla nang ang sasakyang dagat na kinalululanan nito ay nasabat ng labintatlong vintang puno ng mga datu at mandirigmang mula sa Jolo sa karagatang malapit sa Isla ng Lubang. Hindi magawang makatakas ng misyonero dahilan sa siya ay maysakit. Pagkatapos mabihag, walang awa siyang pinatay ng mga Muslim. Naganap ang malungkot na pangyayaring iyon noong 1658.
nagkasalang opisyal ng gobyerno. Isang halimbawa nito ay ang pagtatapon sa isla noong 1668 kay Fiscal Diego de Corbera at sa asawa nitong si Doña Maria Jimenez. Pagkaraan ng ilang buwan, ang nasabing opisyal ay namatay.
Lubang. Ito ay si Justo de Tierrra Alta na nadestino sa isla noong 1795. Mabagsik ang naturang opisyal kaya ganon na lamang ang pasasalamat ng mamamayan nang ito ay inilipat ng pamahalaan sa ibang lugar.
Kabayanan ng Lubang. Ang naging lider ng mga Katipunero sa lugar na ito ay si
G. Esteban Quijano.
munisipyo. Nanatili sa Tilik ang luklukan ng pamahalaang bayan ng Lubang at ang Agkawayan naman ang naging sentro ng bayan ng Looc.
napinsala ang mga pananim at maraming bahay at gusali ang nasira, kasama na ang simbahang ipinatayo ni Padre Muriel, limampu’t tatlong taon na ang nakalipas.
pamamahala sa Isla ng
kongregasyon si Fr. Enrique Demond, SVD sa Lubang. Noong 1922, nakita niyang kailangan ang isang Katolikong paaralan sa isla kaya itinatag niya ang
IV – Panahon ng Digmaan
sakay ng labintatlong bangka, isang pangkat ng mga sundalong Hapones na
pinamumunuan ni Capt. Ichi ang lumunsad sa Tilik. Naglagay sila ng garrison sa baryong ito. Ang kalalakihan ng lugar ay inobliga nilang mamutol ng malaking punongkahoy sa kagubatan ng isla.
at pag-alaala sa kalagayan ng mamamayan, siya ay namatay noong 1942. Inilibing ang misyonero sa libingang malapit sa poblasyon, at pagkatapos ng giyera ang kanyang labi ay hinukay at dinala sa Alemanya.
Bunsod ng hangaring maging malaya ang kanilang bayan, isang pangkat ng mga gerilya ang itinatag nina Major Alberto Abeleda at Captain Carlos Valbuena sa Lubang. Gayunman, nanatiling lihim ang kilusan dahilan sa walang sapat na armas ang mga miyembro nito na maaring itapat sa sandata ng mga kaaway. Hinintay na lamang ng pangkat ang pagbabalik ng mapagpalayang puwersa ng mga Amerikano.
mamamayan ng isla, isang ospital ang ipinatayo ng pamahalaan sa Lubang noong 1969. Malaki ang naitulong ng pagamutan sa mahihirap na maysakit, lalong-lalo na sa mga pasyenteng kailangang lapatan ng dagliang lunas.
Isang sasakyang dagat na puno ng Vietnamese refugees ang napadpad sa
dalampasigan ng Baryo Tangal noong 1970. Ilang lingo ring inalagaan ng pamahalaang bayan ang mga ito bago ipinadala sa refugee processing center sa lalawigan ng
Tumulong ang Simbahang Katoliko sa paglutas sa problema ng inuming tubig sa Cabra, isang maliit na islang sakop ng Lubang. Noong 1972, sa tulong ng kanyang mga kaibigan sa ibang bansa, isang windmill na ginagamit sa pagkuha ng tubig mula sa malalim na balon ang ipinatayo ni Fr. Bernhard Kasselmann, SVD sa Cabra. Dalawang malalim na balon naman ang pinahukay sa islang ito ni Fr. Lois Ortner, SVD nang siya ay itinalagang kura-paroko ng Lubang noong 1992.
naipagawa ni Mayor Sanchez ang municipal grandstand at multipurpose social hall at sinimulan ang pagpapakongkreto ng kalsada sa kabayanan.
V – Panahon ng Batas Militar
VI – Pagkatapos ng Mapayapang Himagsikan sa Edsa
tungkuling ama ng bayan kay G. Policarpio Tesorio. Inaasahang sa pamamagitan ng pagsisikap ni Mayor Tesorio at ng mga uugit pa ng pamahalaang bayan sa hinaharap, ang tahimik na bayang ito ng Occidental Mindoro, na sa taong 2000 ang populasyon ay tinatayang aabot sa tatlumpung libo (30,000), ay lalo pang uunlad.
Mga Aklat, Babasahin at Taong Pinagkunan ng Impormasyon
1 The History of Lubang, Rosalinda Zubiri: 1991, p. 1
2 STAA Souvenir Program: 1970, p. 163
3 Philippine History, Gregorio Zaide: 1961, p. 100
4 op cit. p. 164
5 The Travels of Navarrete, J.
Vol. 5 (1977), p. 259
7 Ang Kasaysayan ng Looc, Teresita Pacheco: 1990, p. 4
8 A Brief History of Tilik, Bernardita Tanglao: 1950, p. 3
9 op cit p. 164
Florante Villarica: 1997, p. 33
11 Mindoro, A Social History of a Philippine
Volker Schult: 1991, p. 51
12 op. cit. p. 4
13 op. cit. p. 4
14 Ang Kasaysayan ng Looc, Teresita Pacheco: 1990, p. 4
15 Golden Jubilee Souvenir Book of the Apostolic Vicariate of Calapan: 1986, p. 12
16 op. cit. p. 10
17 op. cit. p. 5
18 Panayam kay G. Romeo Puli, February 5, 1998
19 Panayam kay G. Ramon Guimba, February 6, 1998
20 op. cit. p. 6
21 op. cit. p. 7
22 Ang Kasaysayan ng Brgy. Burol, Teresita Bautista: 1990, p. 3
23 op. cit. p. 8
24 Panayam kay Brgy. Capt. Eduardo Tarras, February 4, 1998
25 Sentimental Journey of Lt. Hiroo Onoda, Governor’s Office: 1996, p. 28
26 Panayam kay Brgy. Capt. Faustino Tamares, February 2, 1998
27 Panayam kay G. Ramon Guimba, February 6, 1998
28 op. cit. p. 29
On January 1922, the Society of the Divine Word (SVD) missionaries had taken over the parish of Lubang, Occidental Mindoro.
A year earlier, they requested the Missionary Sisters Servants of the Holy Spirit (S.Sp.S) to start an elementary school in the parish in order to promote the religious and educational training of the youth.
On June 19, 1923, three Holy Spirit Sisters with the Parish Priest as School Director opened the school. The wooden Spanish convent that stood at the seashore beside the Roman Catholic Church was converted into a school building. This school was dedicated to the Blessed Mother under the title: Stella Maris (Star of the Sea) because of its location. The school was under the ownership of the Vicariate of Calapan and later of the created Vicariate of San Jose, Occidental Mindoro.
They started with 330 elementary pupils from Grade I – IV without any fees collected from the students.
The starting years of the S.Sp.S and the SVD in Lubang were tremendous. It was not only once that the roof of their convent was taken off due to strong typhoons. They even experienced sleeping under the umbrella. However, they were determined to go on for the Christian Catholic education of the youth of the island. They also responded to the health of the community. A clinic provided for had helped the community for so many years.
The High School level was started on July 8, 1937, to mark it as the First Secondary Catholic Private School in the island of Lubang, providing many students with preparation to pursue higher studies.
From 1940 – 1944, Stella Maris School was temporarily closed due to the World War II. It was reopened in 1945 to mark the ever first graduation in High School in 1949.
In 1965, the old Spanish convent that had served as the school building for more than forty years was replaced by a modern concrete structure which was blessed in 1966.
The two – storey building of SMS as constructed was under the supervision of Rev. Fr. Bernardo Pues, SVD who was the Parish Priest of Lubang and the SMS Director then.
The very low enrolment in the elementary level prompted its closure in 1971. The school concentrated merely in the high school level.
It was in 1976 when Rev. Fr. Bernard Kasselman, SVD started to plant talisay and coconut trees along SMS compound, putting mud soil in all the ground areas of the campus, concreting the pathways of the school and the church.
From 1988, SMS was completely administered and managed by the Missionary Sisters Servants of the Holy Spirit. On September 18,1995 an earthquake had strongly affected SMS, after, the building was condemned. It was during this event when the people of Lubang witnessed among themselves the spirit of teamwork or bayanihan. In ten days time, sixteen (16) classrooms were put up to occupy the less than 800 students then with 25 teachers and 4 Holy Spirit Sisters.
In 1996, three great events in the History of Stella Maris School were experienced by the community of Lubang: 1.) The destruction of the two – storey building of SMS, 2.) The Exit of the Holy Spirit Sisters, 3.) The decision of the Gradual Phase-Out of the SMS leading to its closure in 1999.
It was also this significant year when the full administration and management of the school was turned over to Lay Administartors.
It was on July 3, 1998 when the SMS PTA officers and members for SY 1998 – 1999 stood firmly to No Closure of SMS. With the permission of the Bishop of Occidental Mindoro then, the school continue to exist and operate accepting first year and second year students.
The continuation of SMS gave a new life to Lubangeñous as well as to the graduates of SMS, the parents and the benefactors as they continuously support the school morally and financially.
In year 2000, a new concrete school building was constructed on its original site and it was blessed on August 14, 2000 by the Bishop of Occidental Mindoro.
A congresswoman allied with President Arroyo said she will not inhibit from the impeachment hearing against President Arroyo at the resumption of the hearing this morning.
Occidental Mindoro Rep. Amelita Villarosa told the members of the committee, chaired by Rep. Matias Defensor, that she will not inhibit herself from the proceedings after Gabriela Partylist Rep. Liza Maza raised the issue.
"Mr. Chairman, dear colleagues, I will not inhibit myself. Thank you," Villarosa said.
Maza earlier said that Villarosa should inhibit herself from the hearings because she is one of the leaders of Kampi which is the party of of the President.
By ROBERT A. EVORA
CALAPAN CITY — The indigenous people of Oriental Mindoro, speaking through the local office of the National Commission on Indigenous People (NCIP), clarified reports that they were participants in a consultative assembly (CCA) held recently in Sablayan town, Occidental Mindoro.
"It (the consultation) is very misleading as far as the NCIP in Oriental Mindoro is concerned, and we have nothing to do with that FPIC (free and prior informed consent) consultation," said Reynante Luna, Oriental Mindoro NCIP provincial officer.
A statement issued by Intex Resources Philippines Inc., a mining company, said that the "Mangyans, an indigenous tribe, native to Mindoro, are now in the final stage of formalizing a memorandum of agreement that would allow a mining company to explore for nickel deposits in their ancestral lands."
"Di totoo yan (that’s not true)," Oriental Mindoro Gov. Arnan C. Panaligan said when he was informed of the MoA signing between the Mangyans and Intex executives.
"How can the Mangyans of Oriental Mindoro formalize an MoA for a free prior informed consent when they were not consulted by NCIP of the province? That consultation was held in Sablayan in Occidental Mindoro by that province’s NCIP provincial officer, and so it goes to show that our natives in Oriental Mindoro have nothing to do with that MoA the Intex people are bragging about," a local official said.
Oriental Mindoro, not Occidental Mindoro, is the impact area" of the 10,000-hectare Mindoro nickel project, operated by Intex Resources in Barangay Villa Cerveza, Victoria town, this province. "Di po namin alam ang nasabing consultation, at walang coordination sa amin (NCIP)," Luna said. "We are not questioning the process that they are undertaking, but we can’t be a part of the consultation process to protect the best interest of the indigenous people (IP) of Oriental Mindoro," Luna said.
He also said that the IPs of Oriental Mindoro were not told of that community consultative assembly held last July 12 in Occiental Mindoro.
The CCA is a process to get the FPIC as required by Republic Act No. 8371 or the Indigenous People’s Rights Act.
Mining companies are required by the law to secure FPIC before they can explore or exploit mineral resources in ancestral lands.
Earlier, Provincial Legal Officer Lorybelle M. Tanyag served a cease-and-desist order (CDO) to Engineer Narcisa Eder, Occidental Mindoro NCIP provincial officer. The CDO prevented the NCIP officer "from pursuing your consensus-building activities and any other activities in furtherance of and/or preparatory to all forms of mining operations within the territorial jurisdiction of Oriental Mindoro."
CALAPAN CITY — The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) has approved the application of a Mindanao-based mining firm to mine for gold and other precious metals in areas declared by the United Nations as "a biosphere reserve" in Oriental Mindoro, triggering an uproar from local officials and residents here.
Environment Secretary Jose L. Atienza, Jr. reportedly granted the application of Agusan Petroleum Resources Corp. for a financial or technical assistance agreement (FTAA) reportedly without any prior consultation with local officials.
Among those who have expressed opposition to the project are Gov. Arnan C. Panaligan, first district Rep. Rodolfo G. Valencia, and San Teodoro town Mayor Apollo Feraren.
In granting the FTAA to Agusan Petroleum, Atienza stated in his memorandum to President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo that "no adverse claim, protest or opposition was filed against the application," ignoring the existing 25-year mining prohibition being imposed by local government units (LGUs) in Oriental Mindoro.
"Our stand is no to Agusan mining because it is within the watershed area of Alag-Linao Kawayan, the proposed site of a hydro power project, and adjacent to the Mindoro Heritage Museum, a natural park showcasing the unique biodiversity of the island," said Mayor Feraren.
The FTAA granted to Agusan Petroleum and Minerals Corporation covers an area of 3,000 hectares proven to have rich deposits of gold, silver, copper, iron ore, and other minerals.
Agusan’s exploration and mining area covers the "highly-environmentally sensitive" towns of Puerto Galera, San Teodoro, and Baco, in Oriental Mindoro; and Abra de Ilog and Mamburao towns in Occidental Mindoro.
All five towns are known as "Mindoro’s agricultural, biodiversity, and tourism belt."
Puerto Galera was long ago declared by the United Nations as a "biosphere reserve" and recently declared by a Paris-based club as "one of the world’s most beautiful bays" along with 32 other world bays tagged as "world wonders."
Puerto Galera, San Teodoro, and Baco towns are an integral part of the DENR-protected Verde Island Passage Marine Corridor and declared recently as the "center of centers of the world’s marine biodiversity."
Because of this unique position in the world’s marine biodiversity, a memorandum of agreement was signed last month by the provincial government of Oriental Mindoro, represented by Panaligan, the League of Municipalities of Oriental Mindoro, represented by Feraren, and the Conservation International Foundation for its "protection, conservation, and sustainable management."
Congressman Valencia said that "before (the DENR) issues anything, it must get the concurrence of the LGUs concerned, have a clear understanding with them, and must respect the LGUs."
Alam nyo ba na merong artificial lake na ginawa sa Bansud Park sa mismong harap ng Munisipyo? Ibinase sa Burnham Park sa Baguio, may mga maliit na bangka na pwedeng sakyan ng mga namamasyal. Sa ngayon, iilan pa lang ang mga bangka pero ayon sa balita, magkakaron ang bawat barangay ng kani-kanilang bangka.
Patok sa mga namamasyal ang nasabing tanawin lalo na sa mga batang mag-aaral na madalas sa lugar pagkatapos ng kanilang klase. Eto ilang larawan na biglaan lang kinunan ng minsan kaming mapadaan.
The side of Mindoro that is more famous is Oriental Mindoro because of Pueto Galera. What most people do not know is that Occidental Mindoro has a lot to boast also.
In Occidental Mindoro, you can find the second largest contiguous coral reef in the world and the largest one in the Philippines. It is in Apo Reef. A protected area where you can see lots of fish, coral reefs and there are even sharks. A favorite dive spot.
A resort nearby, the Pandan Island Resort is a great place to snorkel and even to dive. But for the non-divers, you would also enjoy it. Even if it's not a fine sand beach, it's a great place to start snorkelling since even in shallow waters you can find colorful fish and reefs.
Apo Reef and Pandan Island are both situated in Sablayan, Occidental Mindoro. It is really an adventure going there. Frm Manla, you can either go by boat or by plane. Boat is either via San Jose or Abra de Ilog, and after that a landtrip. Plane is only via San Jose. The land trip is still an adventure, with the bus you're going to ride and the road you're going to pass. Really an adventure worth trying.
Matagal-tagal ako bago hindi nakapag-post sa blogs ko for the reason that naging abala talaga ako sa mga naging adventures ko. Umuwi ako ng Mindoro last October 17, 2008 (Friday) at bumalik agad noong October 21, 2008 (Tuesday) sa Manila kasi may orientation kami at vaccination sa RITM sa Alabangng Wednesday. Hayz!
Kakapagod talaga ang buhay ng isang adventurer! Marami na akong hindi napopost dito like my Pinilia, Rizal adventurenamin noong October 11-12, 2008 (Saturday and Sunday), ang pagbabalik ko ng Mindoro at ang Baler adventure ko na talagang sobrang memorable sa akin.
Kagagaling ko lang ngayon sa Cartimar para mamili ng ibon na iuuwi ko sa Mindoro para alagaan at sa Dangwa na bumili ako ng mga bulaklak worth P1, 500 para dalhin sa Mindoro kasi uuwi ako ngayong gabi. Syempre, iaalay ko 'yung mga bulaklak na 'yun sa mga yumao naming mahal sa buhay.
Well, sa lahat, HAPPY HALLOWEEN na lang... Hehe! To those who wants to taste the Uok, magcomment na para mareserbahan ko kayo sa pasalubong. Hehe! Salamat!
Now, if you will search GOOGLE or YAHOO about Mindoro, 2 out of 10 answers from YAHOO or GOOGLE came from my blog and its very flaterring...
I hope naiintindihan ninyo ako sa aim ko to make Mindoro one of the BEST SEARCHED PROVINCE in the Philippines...
You can help me to make my vision possible by sending your stories or anything about Mindoro especially your town... Much better kung magsesend ka ng pictures you've taken from Mindoro para mas maganda ang presentation... and I will post it to
Always visit this blog for I will update this every week as possible. Back again!
"Panahon na naman ng Kapistahan ng ating Patron na si San Rafael... Sama sama po tayong magnilay at magdiwang sa isang linngong pag alala sa lahat ng mga biyayang natatangap at patuloy pa nating matatangap sa bayang ating minamahal...
Come and Wait
Caminawit was said to be derived from the word “Come and wait” which was a common word by the American during the Sugar Milling operation before the World War II has begun. No account of Caminawit was ever recorded even before the Spanish Colonization, It was then a part of Mangarin with no inhabitants.
The sugar milling open in San Jose in 1910, and Caminawit became the site of the pier, the strategic location of the area was chosen as the anchor point of the vessel that will ship out the sugar, railways was constructed from Central to Caminawit to serve as transport facilities for the Sugar Milling Operation. In 1931 the F SHIBAMOTO Construction Company under the administration of C H PRICHETT as the general manager completed the construction of the said railways.
Several structure were constructed in Caminawit, one of them are the canteen building which serves as dining center of workers and employees. It was during this period when the name Caminawit was believed to be derived. It was a common word for the American who often told to Filipinos who wait for the train to “Come and wait”.
Inhabitants of Caminawit were a few settlers from the neighboring island, Panay, Romblon and the other. Worker of the Sugar Milling from other Barangays assigned at pier constructed dwelling at the vicinity or at the coastal area of Caminawit. Settlers from Visayan regions make their living as a fishermen and stevedoring activities, and later on other migrants from Luzon follows.
The Japanese during the Word War II used the Sugar Central facilities as military garrison in Caminawit to perpetrate the Japanese occupation in Mindoro. Port was used to harbor patrol boat, railways serves to transport their soldier to Barangay Central, and used the Sugar Milling as the headquarters. There was no major violence committed by the Japanese soldier in Caminawit, only a platoon size was deployed in the area. It has said that the fiesta which is on June 15, has also been encouraged by the Japanese as part of the conciliation campaign. The Japanese were friendly to the people of Caminawit, no reported abuse were committed against the residents
The first encounter between Japanese and Filipino guerillas was credited to happen in Caminawit, the famous words “ABANTE BALILO” was born in this encounter, suppose to be the order of the legendary Vincent Fortune to a certain lieutenant Ballio to move forward to the enemy lines.
The landing of McArtur at Aroma beach on the dawn of Dec. 15, 1944, lead to the liberation of San Jose and of Mindoro in general.
Sugar Central facilities devastation by war, lead to opening of a new opportunity to Port Operation in Caminawit. General Shipping and Stevedoring Company were established to start the early development. The Late Bibiano I. Gaudiel, was became the general manager, who later on become the Mayor of San Jose. He recruited workers for stevedoring services, mostly Visayan, other where farmer Sacadas, like Arabe, Beros, Cordova, Mendero, Peña, Penuela, Quirante, Telesforo, Zacarias and many others. Under the leadership of Bibiano Gaudiel these pioneering names has made great contribution not only in the economic field but in the formation of cultural and religious heritages of Caminawit. It was narrated by Mrs. Bergonia Fadri that monetary contribution was donated from the workers to fund the construction of the first chapel. These workers were devout Catholics who regarded Patron Saint Nuestra Señora de Salvacion as miraculous, that help them to survived various calamities like the great high tide of 1972, when water from Mangarin Bay and the western tide meet in one, that left the land surface underwater.
Continuous migration of settlers from Luzon and Visayas, and all parts of the country who are familiar with stededoring work and fishing, offering new life to the people from other places battered by war.
Barangay Caminawit is situated in southern coastline of the Municipality of San Jose, isolated in the east by Mangarin Bay and in the southwest part by the municipal water of San Jose. On the northern side is Barangay Pag-asa.
Caminawit is divided by six sitios or purok namely as follows: Purok Maligaya, Purok Lapu-lapu, Purok Bayanihan, Purok Bagong Silang, Purok Tagumpay I and Purok Tagumpay 2.
Caminawit has a total land area of 28.64 hectares. Almost 40% of the land area of Caminawit belong to the marine zone being a coastal Barangay. The topography of the land is flat and almost surrounded by seawater. Its vegetation include coconut trees, a portion of mangrove particularly in the marshland.
Based on the latest survey of NSO in 2000 Caminawit has a total population of 9,563 and a total households of 1,919, with annual growth rate of 1.96%.
Occidental Mindoro (Filipino: Kanlurang Mindoro, “Western Mindoro”; Spanish: Mindoro Occidental) is a province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. Mamburao is the capital. It occupies the western half of the island of Mindoro; Oriental Mindoro is at the eastern half. The South China Sea is to the west of the province and Palawan is located to the southwest, across Mindoro Strait. Batangas is to the north, separated by the Verde Island Passage.
Occidental Mindoro is subdivided into 11 municipalities.
The population of Occidental Mindoro is 380,250 as of the 2000 census, making it the country's 21st least populated province. The population density is 65 persons per km². Major languages spoken are Tagalog, Ilokano, Visaya, Kapampangan, Bikolano, Mangyan, and other mainstream languages in the country. Occidental Mindoro is a cultural melting pot, populated mostly by recent immigrants.
The indigenous people in the province are the Mangyans (Manguianes in Spanish, Mañguianes in Old Tagalog), consisting of 7 distinct tribes. They occupy the interior, specially the highlands. Mangyans have inhabited the island since pre-history. They are believed to have originally travelled from Indonesia and settled down for good in the island.
There have been recent studies that Mangyans were formerly living near the coastlines, but they were compelled to move into the interior jungles of the island when the Spanish colonizers came.
Occidental Mindoro is an agricultural area. It 's economic base is rice production. It is the leading activity in the province, participated in by almost 80 per cent of the population, including children. Wet land or lowland rice is a rainy season crop, being heavily dependent on water, and therefore produced from July (planting season) to October (harvest season). Tobacco, onions, garlic and vegetables are rather grown during the dry season (November to May)since they are not water-intensive crops, and require longer photoperiodicity.
Rice, corn, onions, garlic, salt, fishes(both wild water and cultured) are some of the relatively significant surpluses produced in the province in exportable quantities. Mangoes, cashew nuts, cooking bananas (saba) and some other fruits grown in upland orchards are among the other exports of Occidental Mindoro that have traditionally contributed to its income. Peanuts are also comfortably grown in some parts of the province, as well as cassava, sweet potatoes, ginger and other minor cultivars.
Forest resources include timber and minerals, among them gold, copper, silver, chrome, and non-metallic minerals such as lime for making cement, and greenstones for ornaments. Timber groups include many species of hardwoods, such as mahogany, and other types of trees in high demand for durability.
There are no large industry in the province. Employment is largely seasonal and agriculture-dependent, with only the government as the biggest employer. The local electric cooperative, Occidental Mindoro Electric Cooperative (OMECO), is the biggest employer in the private sector, with nearly 150 regular employees. The rest of the population are engaged in private trades
General land surface features that characterize Occidental Mindoro are mountains, rivers, hills, valleys, wide plains and some small fresh water lakes.The taller mountains can be found in the interior that it shares with Oriental Mindoro.
Mountain ranges converge on the two central peaks, namely Mt. Halcon in the North, and Mt. Baco in the South. The northern part of the province has relatively fewer plains, while the southern parts have wider flatlands. Most of the plains are cultivated fields, with few remaining untouched forests.
There are several major drainage or river systems flowing on a generally westerly course: Mamburao river, Pagbahan, Mompong, Biga, Lumintao, Busuanga and Caguray.
Significant hilly areas can be found rolling off in Sta Cruz in the north, and in San Jose and Magsaysay in the south. These are grassed-over rather than forested.
Swamp areas are restricted to the south, specially, along the river mouths.
The province has two distinct weather patterns, rainy from June to October, and dry from November to May. Wettest period is from August to September, and driest from March to April. Temperature range is from 78 °F (26 °C) in the windy uplands to 90 F (32 °C) in the unstirring lowlands.
Where does the Mindoro Tarictic live?
Besides their aesthetic value and their right to life, Tarictics play an important role in forest regeneration as they disperse the seeds of the fruit trees that they feed on. They are part of the intricate web of forest life, from which our human needs such as water, food and shelter can be traced back to.
What is life like for this bird?
What can be done?
Marks and colors of a Mindoro Tarictic
- Head, neck and underparts - yellowish white
- Ear coverts and band across throat - black
- Upperparts, upper tail-coverts and wings - black with metallic green sheen
- Tail - brick red with black tips
- Bill - wide and hooked (casque), black with yellow tip and yellow stripes across upper mandible (stripes become more developed with age)
- Eyes - reddish brown
- Legs and feet - dark brown
Artwork by Oscar M. Figuracion
Photo of tarictic feeding tree by Jennifer Dimas
Photo of captured tarictic by Michael Edrial