Matagal-tagal ako bago hindi nakapag-post sa blogs ko for the reason that naging abala talaga ako sa mga naging adventures ko. Umuwi ako ng Mindoro last October 17, 2008 (Friday) at bumalik agad noong October 21, 2008 (Tuesday) sa Manila kasi may orientation kami at vaccination sa RITM sa Alabangng Wednesday. Hayz!
Kakapagod talaga ang buhay ng isang adventurer! Marami na akong hindi napopost dito like my Pinilia, Rizal adventurenamin noong October 11-12, 2008 (Saturday and Sunday), ang pagbabalik ko ng Mindoro at ang Baler adventure ko na talagang sobrang memorable sa akin.
Kagagaling ko lang ngayon sa Cartimar para mamili ng ibon na iuuwi ko sa Mindoro para alagaan at sa Dangwa na bumili ako ng mga bulaklak worth P1, 500 para dalhin sa Mindoro kasi uuwi ako ngayong gabi. Syempre, iaalay ko 'yung mga bulaklak na 'yun sa mga yumao naming mahal sa buhay.
Well, sa lahat, HAPPY HALLOWEEN na lang... Hehe! To those who wants to taste the Uok, magcomment na para mareserbahan ko kayo sa pasalubong. Hehe! Salamat!
Now, if you will search GOOGLE or YAHOO about Mindoro, 2 out of 10 answers from YAHOO or GOOGLE came from my blog and its very flaterring...
I hope naiintindihan ninyo ako sa aim ko to make Mindoro one of the BEST SEARCHED PROVINCE in the Philippines...
You can help me to make my vision possible by sending your stories or anything about Mindoro especially your town... Much better kung magsesend ka ng pictures you've taken from Mindoro para mas maganda ang presentation... and I will post it to
Always visit this blog for I will update this every week as possible. Back again!
"Panahon na naman ng Kapistahan ng ating Patron na si San Rafael... Sama sama po tayong magnilay at magdiwang sa isang linngong pag alala sa lahat ng mga biyayang natatangap at patuloy pa nating matatangap sa bayang ating minamahal...
Come and Wait
Caminawit was said to be derived from the word “Come and wait” which was a common word by the American during the Sugar Milling operation before the World War II has begun. No account of Caminawit was ever recorded even before the Spanish Colonization, It was then a part of Mangarin with no inhabitants.
The sugar milling open in San Jose in 1910, and Caminawit became the site of the pier, the strategic location of the area was chosen as the anchor point of the vessel that will ship out the sugar, railways was constructed from Central to Caminawit to serve as transport facilities for the Sugar Milling Operation. In 1931 the F SHIBAMOTO Construction Company under the administration of C H PRICHETT as the general manager completed the construction of the said railways.
Several structure were constructed in Caminawit, one of them are the canteen building which serves as dining center of workers and employees. It was during this period when the name Caminawit was believed to be derived. It was a common word for the American who often told to Filipinos who wait for the train to “Come and wait”.
Inhabitants of Caminawit were a few settlers from the neighboring island, Panay, Romblon and the other. Worker of the Sugar Milling from other Barangays assigned at pier constructed dwelling at the vicinity or at the coastal area of Caminawit. Settlers from Visayan regions make their living as a fishermen and stevedoring activities, and later on other migrants from Luzon follows.
The Japanese during the Word War II used the Sugar Central facilities as military garrison in Caminawit to perpetrate the Japanese occupation in Mindoro. Port was used to harbor patrol boat, railways serves to transport their soldier to Barangay Central, and used the Sugar Milling as the headquarters. There was no major violence committed by the Japanese soldier in Caminawit, only a platoon size was deployed in the area. It has said that the fiesta which is on June 15, has also been encouraged by the Japanese as part of the conciliation campaign. The Japanese were friendly to the people of Caminawit, no reported abuse were committed against the residents
The first encounter between Japanese and Filipino guerillas was credited to happen in Caminawit, the famous words “ABANTE BALILO” was born in this encounter, suppose to be the order of the legendary Vincent Fortune to a certain lieutenant Ballio to move forward to the enemy lines.
The landing of McArtur at Aroma beach on the dawn of Dec. 15, 1944, lead to the liberation of San Jose and of Mindoro in general.
Sugar Central facilities devastation by war, lead to opening of a new opportunity to Port Operation in Caminawit. General Shipping and Stevedoring Company were established to start the early development. The Late Bibiano I. Gaudiel, was became the general manager, who later on become the Mayor of San Jose. He recruited workers for stevedoring services, mostly Visayan, other where farmer Sacadas, like Arabe, Beros, Cordova, Mendero, Peña, Penuela, Quirante, Telesforo, Zacarias and many others. Under the leadership of Bibiano Gaudiel these pioneering names has made great contribution not only in the economic field but in the formation of cultural and religious heritages of Caminawit. It was narrated by Mrs. Bergonia Fadri that monetary contribution was donated from the workers to fund the construction of the first chapel. These workers were devout Catholics who regarded Patron Saint Nuestra Señora de Salvacion as miraculous, that help them to survived various calamities like the great high tide of 1972, when water from Mangarin Bay and the western tide meet in one, that left the land surface underwater.
Continuous migration of settlers from Luzon and Visayas, and all parts of the country who are familiar with stededoring work and fishing, offering new life to the people from other places battered by war.
Barangay Caminawit is situated in southern coastline of the Municipality of San Jose, isolated in the east by Mangarin Bay and in the southwest part by the municipal water of San Jose. On the northern side is Barangay Pag-asa.
Caminawit is divided by six sitios or purok namely as follows: Purok Maligaya, Purok Lapu-lapu, Purok Bayanihan, Purok Bagong Silang, Purok Tagumpay I and Purok Tagumpay 2.
Caminawit has a total land area of 28.64 hectares. Almost 40% of the land area of Caminawit belong to the marine zone being a coastal Barangay. The topography of the land is flat and almost surrounded by seawater. Its vegetation include coconut trees, a portion of mangrove particularly in the marshland.
Based on the latest survey of NSO in 2000 Caminawit has a total population of 9,563 and a total households of 1,919, with annual growth rate of 1.96%.
Occidental Mindoro (Filipino: Kanlurang Mindoro, “Western Mindoro”; Spanish: Mindoro Occidental) is a province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. Mamburao is the capital. It occupies the western half of the island of Mindoro; Oriental Mindoro is at the eastern half. The South China Sea is to the west of the province and Palawan is located to the southwest, across Mindoro Strait. Batangas is to the north, separated by the Verde Island Passage.
Occidental Mindoro is subdivided into 11 municipalities.
The population of Occidental Mindoro is 380,250 as of the 2000 census, making it the country's 21st least populated province. The population density is 65 persons per km². Major languages spoken are Tagalog, Ilokano, Visaya, Kapampangan, Bikolano, Mangyan, and other mainstream languages in the country. Occidental Mindoro is a cultural melting pot, populated mostly by recent immigrants.
The indigenous people in the province are the Mangyans (Manguianes in Spanish, Mañguianes in Old Tagalog), consisting of 7 distinct tribes. They occupy the interior, specially the highlands. Mangyans have inhabited the island since pre-history. They are believed to have originally travelled from Indonesia and settled down for good in the island.
There have been recent studies that Mangyans were formerly living near the coastlines, but they were compelled to move into the interior jungles of the island when the Spanish colonizers came.
Occidental Mindoro is an agricultural area. It 's economic base is rice production. It is the leading activity in the province, participated in by almost 80 per cent of the population, including children. Wet land or lowland rice is a rainy season crop, being heavily dependent on water, and therefore produced from July (planting season) to October (harvest season). Tobacco, onions, garlic and vegetables are rather grown during the dry season (November to May)since they are not water-intensive crops, and require longer photoperiodicity.
Rice, corn, onions, garlic, salt, fishes(both wild water and cultured) are some of the relatively significant surpluses produced in the province in exportable quantities. Mangoes, cashew nuts, cooking bananas (saba) and some other fruits grown in upland orchards are among the other exports of Occidental Mindoro that have traditionally contributed to its income. Peanuts are also comfortably grown in some parts of the province, as well as cassava, sweet potatoes, ginger and other minor cultivars.
Forest resources include timber and minerals, among them gold, copper, silver, chrome, and non-metallic minerals such as lime for making cement, and greenstones for ornaments. Timber groups include many species of hardwoods, such as mahogany, and other types of trees in high demand for durability.
There are no large industry in the province. Employment is largely seasonal and agriculture-dependent, with only the government as the biggest employer. The local electric cooperative, Occidental Mindoro Electric Cooperative (OMECO), is the biggest employer in the private sector, with nearly 150 regular employees. The rest of the population are engaged in private trades
General land surface features that characterize Occidental Mindoro are mountains, rivers, hills, valleys, wide plains and some small fresh water lakes.The taller mountains can be found in the interior that it shares with Oriental Mindoro.
Mountain ranges converge on the two central peaks, namely Mt. Halcon in the North, and Mt. Baco in the South. The northern part of the province has relatively fewer plains, while the southern parts have wider flatlands. Most of the plains are cultivated fields, with few remaining untouched forests.
There are several major drainage or river systems flowing on a generally westerly course: Mamburao river, Pagbahan, Mompong, Biga, Lumintao, Busuanga and Caguray.
Significant hilly areas can be found rolling off in Sta Cruz in the north, and in San Jose and Magsaysay in the south. These are grassed-over rather than forested.
Swamp areas are restricted to the south, specially, along the river mouths.
The province has two distinct weather patterns, rainy from June to October, and dry from November to May. Wettest period is from August to September, and driest from March to April. Temperature range is from 78 °F (26 °C) in the windy uplands to 90 F (32 °C) in the unstirring lowlands.
Where does the Mindoro Tarictic live?
Besides their aesthetic value and their right to life, Tarictics play an important role in forest regeneration as they disperse the seeds of the fruit trees that they feed on. They are part of the intricate web of forest life, from which our human needs such as water, food and shelter can be traced back to.
What is life like for this bird?
What can be done?
Marks and colors of a Mindoro Tarictic
- Head, neck and underparts - yellowish white
- Ear coverts and band across throat - black
- Upperparts, upper tail-coverts and wings - black with metallic green sheen
- Tail - brick red with black tips
- Bill - wide and hooked (casque), black with yellow tip and yellow stripes across upper mandible (stripes become more developed with age)
- Eyes - reddish brown
- Legs and feet - dark brown
Artwork by Oscar M. Figuracion
Photo of tarictic feeding tree by Jennifer Dimas
Photo of captured tarictic by Michael Edrial
Abra de Ilog, Occidental Mindoro, Philippines
Your GATEWAY to Western Mindoro Island…the WATERFALLS CAPITAL…
How to Get Here?
Abra de Ilog is one of the 11 towns in Occidental Mindoro. It is located in the West side of Mindoro Island in the Southern Tagalog region of the Philippine Archipelago.
To get here, there are several RORO trips from Batangas International Port to Matabang Port which take approximately 2 ½ hours. Montenegro Shipping Lines Inc. (MSLI), the origin of which started from this very place takes pride as the major transport vessel not only to the local residents but to the whole province as well hence, Abra de Ilog takes pride as the major GATEWAY to entire Occidental Mindoro.
From Matabang Port, one can hire a tricycle for only Php 20.00 to get to Poblacion, which is the center of all hubs & activities of the town. Anyone can explore the nine (9) friendly Barangays of the town via tricycle or by taking a walk while enjoying the peaceful scenery.
We are also home to multiple beach resorts which can give Puerto Galera beaches a run for their money. Oriental tourists prefer the Abra de Ilog coast because of its solitude, quietude & serenity. Waterfalls are one of the most visited and loved by local and foreign adventurers. Spelunking and white water rafting can be offered also to those who would like to take extreme challenge of nature.
The Municipality of Abra de Ilog lies in the northernmost tip of the mainland Occidental Mindoro. It is bounded by Paluan in the West, Mamburao in the South & Puerto Galera, Oriental Mindoro in the East. It has a total land area of 72, 865.870 hectare, consisting mainly of 70.47% forest land and 20.91% agricultural. Just like the rest of the country, Abra de Ilog experiences dry season during the months of March, April & May. Rainy season starts in June and persists until late November. But unlike other coastal towns Abra de Ilog is located between two ranges of mountain hence; it can have a low of 20.8°C even during summer and a high of 30.1°C during wet seasons.
Its terrain can be attributed to the rugged mountains ranging from the coastline up to the most isolated, untouched land formation going further south. The town has average annual rainfall is 2,262.5 mm to 3,850 mm while the humidity range from 63° to 87° with an average of 75.4°. Based on 2004 Local Government Unit survey, the town has a total population of 23,915, 33.78% of which are Indigenous People (IPs) with almost 1:1 male to female ratio. Lowlanders or Tagalog are 15,835. Electorate population is 12,126. About 90.14% of families belong to poverty level.
There are several occasions being celebrated every year. The likes of which are the Feast of San Rafael Archangel the Patron Saint of Abra de Ilog, Apo Iraya Festival and “Penitensya” Holy Week Pilgrimage.
Most houses in Poblacion took after its Spanish influence. It can be seen through the architectural designs and the ways of the people themselves.These Acacia trees are the only one of its kind left during the Japanese occupation. The whole town was totally burned down but these sturdy trees survived the tragedy.
Barangay Udalo is also home to multiple beach resorts which can give Puerto Galera beaches a run for their money. Oriental tourists prefer the Abra de Ilog coast because of its solitude, quietude & serenity. Casay Beach Resort offers very relaxing scenery on nipa cottages, native hammocks and sailboat. It is the first establishment in the town that has utilized non-fossil fuel as its source of energy. The powers take pride in their solar and wind powered facilities.
Kalong River located in Sitio Camurong is the only inland body of crystal clear water with a distinct white sand riverbank. It is a great come on for both local and foreign tourist.
Luang Baga Cave has been explored by the National Museum staff in 1992 when a number of anthropologist & paleontologist teamed up with our LGU personnel. The data has already been included in the Museum’s Archives.
Lanas Lake. Once a home of Mindoro’s crocodiles. It is almost a hundred hectare body of water located in Barangay Cabacao. Source of the tastiest Tilapia in the neighboring towns.
Agbalala Waterfalls. It is about 115 feet tall with 45 x 75 feet catchments pool. Agbalala – 16.46m X 22.86m catchments pool, Height 34.44m, Depth 3.65m. Above it is another breathtaking waterfall which is Agbalala Lovers Falls. Lovers falls – 13.72m X 9.15m Catchments pool, Height 13.72m, depth 2.44m
The Apyas Waterfalls is frequent hang-out among the local residents because of its proximity to Poblacion. You can enjoy the whole place anytime of the day paying only Php 10.00 for the maintenance of the place. Apyas – Height 4.57m, Depth 1.22m, 1.83m top to water surface
The greatest tourist attraction Abra de Ilog can offer is its inhabitants. Nobody can match the warmth, the solidarity, the industry and uniqueness of its people.
Ecotourism Potential Sites in Abra de Ilog, Occidental Mindoro
- Beach Walk Resort – Barangay Lumangbayan
- Casay Beach Resort – Barangay Wawa
- Cymru Beach Resort – Barangay Wawa
- Green Wich Hills Beach Resort – Barangay Wawa
- San Souci Beach – Barangay Udalo
- Tuko Beach Resort – Barangay Udalo
- Udalo Beach Resort – Barangay Udalo
- Yellow Beach – Barangay Lumangbayan
- Wild Trek – Barangay Udalo
- Agbalala Chain of Waterfalls – Barangay Wawa
- Apyas Waterfalls – Barangay Wawa
- Bagolayag Waterfalls – Barangay Wawa
- Balagnan Waterfalls – Barangay Wawa
- Kalong river – Barangay Udalo
- Bisay Waterfalls – Barangay Lumangbayan
- Kadilawan Waterfalls – Barangay San Vicente
- Mamangan – Bisay Waterfalls – Barangay Cabacao
- Nangka Waterfalls – Barangay Balao
- Papali Waterfalls – Barangay Wawa
- Sto. Tomas Waterfalls – Barangay Wawa
- Swim-Lawaan Waterfalls – Barangay Poblacion
- Rayusan Waterfalls – Barangay Armado
- Tulong Bato Waterfalls – Barangay Udalo
- Tuuyan Waterfalls – Barangay Balao
Caves, Rivers & Lakes
- Luang Baga Cave – Barangay Cabacao
- Tuaw – Masaklang River Rapids – Barangay Cababcao
- Lanas Lake – Barangay Cabacao
- San Rafael Archangel Patron Saint Fiesta – October 23-24
- Apo Iraya Festival – October 24
- Mahal na Araw Penitensya
Dr. Arnel del Barrio, director of the Department of Agriculture’s Philippine Carabao Center (DA-PCC), said that from 2001-2008, the tamaraw population has increased yearly by an average of 10 percent.
Reporting on the findings of the latest tamaraw expedition by government and private entities, including students from the Far Eastern University (FEU), last April, Del Barrio said the tamaraw population was counted at 263 this year compared to only 175 heads in 2001.
“The calving rate estimated by number of yearlings is considerably high... (which could mean that) more than 55 percent of the Tamaraws are giving birth," Del Barrio reported during the Third Tamaraw Forum at the FEU Conference Center in Manila on Friday.
The expedition was organized by the Tamaraw Conservation Program (TCP) at the Mt. Iglit-Baco National Park in Mindoro Occidental
In another bit of good news, the TCP figure was considered conservative by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR).
DENR Undersecretary Manuel Gerochi said a “systematic counting" conducted by the department’s field personnel in all possible tamaraw habitats on the island estimated the tamaraw population to be more than 1,000.
“The figures of the TCP are based on actual, visual counting; and done only in one area, Mt. Iglit-Baco," Gerochi said in the same forum.
The TCP and DENR attributed the increase in the tamaraw population to continuing initiatives to raise awareness regarding the significance of the species and its preservation by national and local government, as well as the private sectors.
Through the tamaraw awareness campaign, the island’s native Mangyan dwellers stopped their tradition of killing the animal for its blood, which the tribesmen consider as a source of strength and good health.
Known to scientists as the Bubalus mindorensis or Mindoro dwarf buffalo, the tamaraw population was estimated at 10,000 during the 1900s, when the island was unpopulated due to malaria.
But the population of the animal started to decline with the eventual increase in human activity and the occurrence of diseases, starting in 1930 with the outbreak of rinderpest, a viral disease mostly affecting cattle.
In 1953, the estimated tamaraw population was placed at around 200, slipping to only about 100 in the 1960s when the animal’s range was reduced to three areas: Mount Iglit, Mount Calavite and areas near the Sablayon Penal Settlement.
Haribon Foundation also noted the introduction of cattle into Mindoro in the early 1900s, rampant hunting of the species and the widespread logging that destroyed much of Mindoro’s forests where the Tamaraws live as among the major causes of the decline in tamaraw population.
Concerns over the deteriorating population of the tamaraw were elevated in a conference of the International Union for the Conservation of Species (IUCS) in Bangkok, Thailand; resulted in the establishment of a 280-hectare gene pool farm in Rizal municipality of Mindoro Occidental.
Breeding the tamaraws in captivity, however, was found to be ineffectual. Only four births were recorded from 1990 to1997, and all four calves did not live long.
Learning from experience, the government shifted focus on improving actual habitat conditions and educating the local populace.
Gerochi said that tamaraws “should be somehow isolated from human population" and must be allowed to roam freely, as incidents of suicide or self-inflicted harm have been noted from tamaraws that were held in the gene pool farm.
“The tamaraws should be somehow isolated from human population so we need to know their real habitat during its highest population," Gerochi said.
“Breeding in captivity might not be good, same as what happened with our experience with the Philippine eagle," he said.
He said captive-bred Philippine eagle encountered difficulties when they were released in the wild.
“It seemed that if we restrict them or these animals, we lose the glory of that species," Gerochi said.
Tamaraws are usually mistaken as carabaos, but scientists say it differs in several aspects.
Dr. Antonio Manila, assistant director of the DENR-Protected Areas Wildlife and Bureau (PAWB), said that tamaraws are smaller and darker in color than carabaos. He also said that tamaraws have shorter tail and have V-shaped horns, unlike the carabao’s which are large and C-shaped.
A mature tamaraw stands at only about three feet high at the shoulder and weighs 300 kilograms.
Unlike the domesticated carabao, the tamaraw is wild and fierce that if cornered or disturbed in its natural habitat, it will attack and pursue the intruder relentlessly.
“The indigenous Mangyans of Mindoro rightly respect the tamaraw and keep their distance from it," says researcher Art Fuentes in the Haribon Foundation’s Web site (http://www.haribon.org.ph).
Gerochi stressed that extensive reforestation might be the key to accelerate the propagation of the tamaraws, which are found only in the mountainous portions of Mt. Iglit-Baco National Park, Mt. Calavite, Mt. Halcon-Eagle Pass, Mt. Aruyan-Sablayan-Mapalad Valley, and Mt. Bansud-Bongabong-Mansalay.
“The current sanctuary is big enough, I think. So, really it is the preservation of their habitat, which should be undertaken," he said.
In 2002, by virtue of Presidential Proclamation 273, the governmentset the month of October as a “Special Month for the Conservation and Protection of the Tamaraw in Mindoro," emphasizing the need for more intense effort to protect, conserve, and eventually perpetuate one of the country’s flagship species and national pride. GMANews.TV
Bleeding-heart is a pigeon, so called because of a distinct red or orange marking on its breast that looks like it is bleeding. It may be Mother Nature’s sense of humor that stained these birds with target shooting marks, but these awesome patches make them special from all other colorful birds. The distinct patch slightly varies in shape and color among species of Bleeding-hearts.
For the Mindoro Bleeding-heart, it is orange and relatively elongated.
Unlike many birds, the males and females of this species look the same.
Found only in Mindoro, a 9,826-square kilometer island southwest of mainland Luzon, the Mindoro Bleeding-heart is known as Kulo-kulo to the Mangyans, the indigenous peoples living in Mindoro’s forests. The bird also goes by the local names La-do, Manatad, Manuk-manuk, Punay, and Puñalada. Although similar in habits to its cousin the Common Emerald-dove (Chalcophaps indica), its calls and appearance are different.
San Jose is a 1st class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 111,009 people in 22,464 households.
San Jose is considered the main commercial port in the province. It is named after its patron saint, St. Joseph, the husband of Mary. Most of the people are Visayans, Batangueños and Ilocanos.
San Jose is the center of entertainment and business in the province. Major banks such as Philippine National Bank (PNB), United Coconut Planters Bank (UCPB), Development Bank of the Philippines (DBP), Allied Bank, Metrobank, Landbank, Philippine Veterans Bank, have local branches and even fast food chain Jollibee has started operations in San Jose. Telecommunication services are provided by Digital Telecommunications (Digitel), Smart Communications, Globe, RCPI, and Piltel. Numerous internet cafes are also available mainly in the poblacion area. Major schools in the province include Divine Word College, Montessori de San Jose, Philippine Central Islands College (PCIC)and the Occidental Mindoro National College.
The population growth currently experienced by San Jose is attributed to a growing number of migrants.
San Jose is politically subdivided into 38 barangays
San IsidroSan Roque 1 and 2
Justification This species has an extremely small, severely fragmented population which is undergoing a continuing decline owing to lowland forest destruction, combined with hunting and trade. For these reasons it is listed as Critically Endangered.
Species name author (Salvadori, 1891)
Taxonomic source(s) Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993)
Identification 30 cm. Medium-sized, short-tailed, ground-dwelling pigeon. Small, bright orange central patch to otherwise white underparts. Dark grey crown, nape, upper mantle and breast-sides, glossed iridescent green. Dark chestnut rest of upperparts, glossed reddish-purple. Large, greyish-white tips to lesser and median wing-coverts. Grey tail and uppertail-coverts, latter with darker subterminal band and paler tip. Legs red. Voice Undocumented. Hints Feeds on the forest floor. Shy, tends to run from danger, typically only flying short distances when flushed.
Range estimate (breeding/resident)
Range & population Gallicolumba platenae is endemic to the island of Mindoro in the Philippines, where it is known from 15 localities. Since 1980, there have been records from just four localities (Puerto Galera, MUFRC Experimental Forest, Siburan and Mt Iglit-Baco National Park), with unconfirmed local reports from eight other localities, suggesting that remnant populations conceivably exist elsewhere. It was common in the early 20th century and apparently locally common as recently as 1954. It was last recorded in 1991 from Sablayan. Subsequently, unconfirmed reports suggested it was common in the recent past in the extreme south of the island. However, the paucity of reports from hunters and very low encounter rate by fieldworkers suggests that numbers have become very low.
Ecology: This predominantly terrestrial pigeon inhabits closed-canopy primary and secondary lowland forest, preferring dry forest substrates on gentle slopes up to 750 m. It is not known whether or not it undertakes altitudinal, seasonal or nomadic movements. It has been recorded breeding in May.
Threats Lowland forest destruction has eradicated almost all of this bird's habitat. In 1988, just 120 km2 of forest remained on Mindoro, only 25% of which was closed-canopy. At current rates of loss, the island may lose all primary forest below 900 m within a few years. The forests at Siburan and Mt Iglit-Baco National Park are threatened by encroaching shifting cultivation and occasional selective logging. Rattan collection further disturbs the forest undergrowth. Dynamite-blasting for marble is a threat to forest at Puerto Galera. Hunting (using snares) for food and collection for the pet trade are additional threats, particularly during the dry season (February-May).
Conservation measures underway It occurs in Mt Iglit-Baco National Park, where only tiny forest tracts remain. The forest at Siburan is effectively part of the Sablayan Penal Colony, although it is uncertain how much protection is afforded by this, or its inclusion in the F. B. Harrison Game Reserve. Haribon have been working at the site for over five years and have established a site support group. Funding has been provided for faunal inventories and environmental education initiatives at Puerto Galera, where hunting has been locally prohibited. In the mid-1990s, the species featured on a bilingual environmental awareness poster in the "Only in the Philippines" series.
Conservation measures proposed Urgently produce a detailed map of remaining forests on Mindoro, and survey these systematically to clarify its current distribution and population status. Follow up any anecdotal reports of the species. Conduct ecological studies to assess its requirements for breeding and foraging. Produce a management plan for the forest at Siburan that reconciles biodiversity conservation with its role as a prison. Strengthen and support forest management by the Site Support Group at Siburan.
MANILA, Philippines - A predawn quake that state seismologists said was an aftershock of a "major" quake Saturday last week rocked parts of Southern Luzon, including Metro Manila, on Thursday.
Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Phivolcs) seismologist Rommel Grutas said the aftershock was recorded at 2:04 a.m. Thursday.
"Usually pag malaki ang lindol, series of aftershocks ang nagaganap (After a major quake, you have to expect a series of aftershocks)," he said in an interview on dzBB radio.
Grutas said the "main quake" occurred before noon last Saturday near Mamburao in Occidental Mindoro province, at magnitude 6.5.
He said the epicenter of Thursday's predawn quake was traced to 42 km northwest of Mamburao in Mindoro Occidental, at magnitude 5.3.
Initial reports reaching Phivolcs showed Thursday's quake was felt at Intensity 4 in Paluan in Occidental Mindoro, which Grutas said was enough to jolt people from sleep.
The quake was felt at Intensity 3 in Puerto Galera, and Intensity 2 in Tagaytay City, Makati City, Quezon City, and Muntinlupa City.
"Sa Makati maraming makaramdam niyan pag sa high-rise building, usually upper floors (It can be felt in Makati, especially in the upper floors of high-rise buildings)," he said. - GMANews.TV